Types of Transportation

Types of Transportations

Travelling to and from one place to another is made easier with the advancement in the transportation industry. Nowadays, transportation is made easier by airplanes, ships and bullet trains. However, the modes of transportation that we see nowadays are not the same as it was once.  Here is a small glimpse on the evolution of the different transportation services that we are now enjoying.

Land Transport

Airplanes, ships and bullet trains did not exist centuries ago, so how did our ancestors go about their daily activities?

Horses, donkeys, camels and oxen were used to transport goods and other supplies from one territory to another. Later on, carriages drawn by horses or the hackneys were used. Growler or a sample of a four-wheel carriage was also used and was popular in England in the 1800s. In 1901, hackneys powered by electricity were introduced to the British public.

As hackneys or private carriages were expensive and only the wealthy could afford these, the introduction of rail transport provided relief to the public.  Although railways were used in the ancient times, it was only during the 18th century with the start of the industrial revolution that steam engines made railway transport easier and popular.

Electric trains were introduced in the late 1800s and rapid development helped pave the way for steam engines to be replaced with electric ones. Today, mono-trains and bullet trains are used. Bullet trains also called “Shinkansen” were first operated in Japan in 1964. The train connected major cities in Japan such as Tokyo and Osaka.  Other countries that also have bullet trains include Taiwan, China, Vietnam, India, Brazil and United Kingdom.

Advancement in land transportation also included the invention of the modern automobile. Many engineers claimed to be the first; however, Karl Benz was granted the patent to build this modern vehicle. Benz reproduced his automobile in Germany whereas his competitors, one of them being Daimler, sealed France with Peugeot producing automobiles using the Daimler engine. The Duryea brothers introduced the first gasoline-powered car in 1893.

Henry Ford was credited for mass-producing cars and introducing his Ford Model T in the market. The automobile became popular because it was much more affordable and middle-class individuals could afford it.

Air Transport

Aviation or air transport was attributed to the Wright Brothers.  In 1903, the Wright Brothers successfully launched the first airplane. The Brothers invented the 3-axis control that helps the pilot steer the aircraft while still being able to maintain its balance or equilibrium.

The first airline, the Douglas DC-3, is the first aircraft to fly passengers and started the era for modern aviation. Lightweight aircrafts such as Beechcraft, Cessna and Piper became popular and sought after by celebrities as well as the rich and well-known individuals. After the WW II, other brands became well known including the Boeing and Comet brand.

With the invention of the airplane, other types of aircraft also followed; an example would be the blimps. Blimps are floating airships that rely on helium gas to float. Blimps do not have any pilots in them and are only used for commercial purposes. Gliders, balloons and drones are just some of the aircraft types that are now available.

Maritime Transport

Maritime transportation is by far the oldest and primary means of transportation, which is said to have been developed in 3000 BC. Ships were accredited to Archimedes who accidentally discovered the concept of buoyancy and is said to help builders build rafts that were later on innovated to sailboats. Ships were used to transport goods, passengers, for trade and even to discover faraway places.

The development of canals as well as maps made it easier for people to travel by means of sea. In the 17th century, an American inventor named John Fitch contributed to the making of the first steam engine. The operation closed down later on due to financial losses. However, Donald McKay ensured the success of the sailing ships and built clipper ships that were considered as the fastest during those times.

John Ericsson brought the maritime into advancement by revolutionizing ships into warships. He helped American captain Stockton in making a sloop, which was christened as the USS Princeton. Ericsson was considered as one of the most influential engineers in maritime transportation. Today, advances in modern technology brought ships to higher levels. Passenger vehicles include ferries, yachts, boats, sailboats and other watercraft transport. For tradingers or businesses, barge and steamships are used. Gasoline, petroleum and other gases are transported by pipeline transport crafts.